Diabetes can lead to foot problems in 2 ways: it can cause decreased sensations in the feet, so that injuries go undetected, or it can cause decreased circulation to the feet which will result in poor blood supply that may be insufficient to fight infection and heal wounds.
The risks of developing foot problems can be greatly reduced if you follow simple foot care principles and see your physician.
Inspect your feet daily especially in-between the toes and if mobility and poor vision makes it difficult, have someone else do it. Remember any injury to the foot or break in the skin is potentially serious.
Notify your physician or Chiropodist if you notice:
- Cuts or scrapes
- Corns and calluses
- Puncture wounds
- Discoloration, pain, redness or swelling
- Ingrown toe nails
- Pain in calf area during walking or exercising
Shoes that fit poorly can cause irritation and lesions. shoes should fit snug , but not tight. make sure that there is enough room to wiggle your toes, only wear shoes that breath well like leather. Also, it is wise to break in new shoe s gradually. inspect the inside of the shoes daily for loose objects, tear in the lining and or the leather cover.
Never go barefoot – even at home. Always wear shoes or slippers, especially in the dark. Remember an unnoticed minor cut, scrape, or burn can rapidly lead to a serious infection in a person with diabetes. Some diabetic patients may need specially designed therapeutic footwear to reduce the possibilities of complications.
Do’s and Don’ts
- Wash your feet daily using warm water and mild soap, (test water with your hands to make sure water is not too hot), then pat your feet dry with a soft towel and make sure to dry in-between every toe.
- Do not rub your skin vigorously as you may tear and damage the area when drying.
- Use a moisturizing cream for dry skin and foot powder if your feet get sweaty.
- Do not wear socks that have rough seems (special seamless diabetic socks are available).
- Trim your toe nails regularly, cutting them straight across and filing the edges and corners round.
- Don’t cut your toenail if they are thick and hard or if you have difficulties cutting them – see your local chiropodist.
- Do not use razor blades, knives, or scissors to trim calluses and corns.
- Do not try to remove ingrown nails.
If you are diabetic you must be very cautious not to burn, cut or harm yourself.
It is very important to check your feet daily to maintain proper foot health. See your local chiropodist to help you achieve long lasting healthy feet.
FREMS is a biophysical Treatment dedicated to NEUROVASCULAR REAHABILITATION of leg complications and chronic wounds. For more info click here.